Back to
English Articles
Publié le
Mercredi 11 Octobre 2023
Isolating existing buildings and switching towards less carbon-intensive heating systems are one of the main pathways to the necessary moderation of our greenhouse gas emissions. By the end of the decade, 20 to 30 billion euros of additional annual investment will be required to fulfil national objectives. However, this financial effort alone will not suffice. Will there be enough workers available in the building industry, already facing with a labour shortage? It is estimated that an additional 170,000 to 250,000 jobs will need to be created by 2030 in energy-efficient building renovations.
NA 126 - Image principale

A drastic drop in construction of new buildings would be required to allow some professionals to focus on renovation projects and meet all the needs. Additionally, the workforce currently engaged in new housing construction may not be located in regions with the most acute needs, particularly those with harsh climates where more intensive and prolonged heating is required, as well as in rural areas where oil heating is more common, such as in the Grand Est or Hauts-de-France regions.

Building blue collars, site supervisors, and architects will be involved in carrying out these tasks; their employment should be particularly active in all regions (except Corsica), including those that lag behind the national employment trends. If we add to these job creations the retirements of senior workers, 635,000 job vacancies will need to be filled by 2030 in the building industry (37% of the current workforce). However, the number of young newcomers is expected to be insufficient to meet these recruitment needs, especially among skilled building finishing and frame workers. Therefore, relying on immigrant labour, the unemployed, career switches, and career mobility will be more essential than ever.

NA 126 - Graphique page 1
Type d'image: 

Read the full document in french


Cécile Jolly - Equipe
Type d'image: 
Travail, emploi, compétences
Alice Robinet
Type d'image: 
Développement durable et numérique
Camille Cousin, Dares